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March 2016

Volume 3  Issue 1

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Review article

Domestic Violence during Pregnancy: The role of Midwifery and Screening in the North of Italy

L.Driul*, M. Lot l, S. Ciardi, A.P.Londero, A.Fruscalzol, C.Caissutti, D.Zavarise

Domestic violence is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as “any behavior within a relationship that causes physical, psychological or sexual abuse to those who are in that relationship”. Domestic violence is present in the lives of many women; it damages their health and their children and is a major cost to society. This phenomenon is largely hidden, therefore difficult to study. Between 2000 and 2013 in Italy there are 2,399 women victims of murder: 1,692 of them were killed within the family context (70.5%).

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Review article

Uterine Fibroid Embolization with or without Adenomyosis: A Case Series

Mawaldi L*, Khankan A, Ahmed AE, Ruwaisan M, Faqih A, and Dendini M

Uterine fibroid embolization is a nonsurgical treatment option for premenopausal symptomatic patients who wish to preserve their uterus, and suffered from the side effects of prolonged medical therapy, and refused surgery. The procedure is based upon the hypothesis that bilateral reduction of uterine arterial blood flow will result in infarction of fibroids while sparing normal myometrium. Absolute contraindications are pregnancy, active genitourinary infection, and malignancy.

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Original Research

Determining the Effect of Gestational Diabetes Status on Breastfeeding Outcomes

Güler Ustun RN, Msc, Merlinda Alus Tokat* PhD, RN

Feeding newborns with breast milk immediately after birth increases the production of milk by stimulating the prolactin receptors in breast tissue; it also decreases the risk of hypoglycemia in newborn infants. The World Health Organization (WHO) (2001) proposed that, besides starting to breastfeed early, infants should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months, with continued breastfeeding up to two years and beyond. Supplementary food given in the early period can be the  cause of various risks in newborn infants. Research has shown that breastfeeding decreases the risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, premenopausal breast cancer and ovarian cancer in mothers.

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Review Article 

Rudimentary Horn Pregnancy: Diagnosis and Management

Ahmed Samy Yassin*

Rudimentary Horn Pregnancy (RHP) is a rare form of pregnancy in a uterine rudimentary horn with a reported incidence of 1:76,000 and an estimated maternal mortality rate of 0.5%. Around 40% of women with RHP are asymptomatic when present during routine ultrasound scan especially in the first trimester and many women often have a history of previous normal pregnancies and vaginal delivery. Despite the frequent use of ultrasonography during pregnancy, up to 50% of RHP cases are diagnosed only following rupture. Advanced RHP may rupture with little warning at any time, with significant risk to maternal health; hence early diagnosis can help in planning management before its rupture.

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